About your Search

20121202
20121210
STATION
CNNW 11
KPIX (CBS) 4
MSNBCW 3
WRC (NBC) 3
CNN 2
KRON (MyNetworkTV) 2
KGO (ABC) 1
WBAL (NBC) 1
WTTG 1
WUSA (CBS) 1
LANGUAGE
English 33
Search Results 0 to 32 of about 33 (some duplicates have been removed)
's jobs report. what role did sandy play in last month's hiring. this is the morning news. port. what role did sandy play in hiring? ♪ [ male announcer ] with free package pickup from the u.s. postal service the holidays are easy. visit usps.com. pay, print, and have it picked up for free before december 20h for delivery in time for the holidays. you can even give us special instructions on where to find it. free package pickup. from the u.s. postal service. because it's nice to have an extra pair of hands around for the holidays. because it's nice to have an extra pair of hands around ♪ ♪ there's no such thing whenas too soft. toilet paper, i know what i like. i like feeling both clean and pampered. why should i compromise? quilted northern ultra plush® with the innerlux layer. for a comfortable, confident clean, or your money back. maybmaybe you can't.re; when you have migraines with fifteen or more headache days a month, you miss out on your life. you may have chronic migraine. go to mychronicmigraine.com to find a headache specialist. and don't live a maybe life. >>> three, two,
today. did superstorm sandy deliver a hit to hiring. >>> the duchess of cbridge is discharged from the london hospital where she was treated for morning sickness april and for the first time one of kate's relatives is talking about her pregnancy. >> what is your reaction about the news to duchess of cambridge. >> how do you know i'm not a radio station? >> this is the "cbs morning news" for friday, december 7, 2012. >>> good morning. good to be with you. i'm terrell brown. a strong earthquake hit northeastern japan this morning, the magnitude 7.3 quake struck in the early evening in the same area that suffered a powerful quake and tsunami last year. a tsunami warning has been issued. residents have been told to move to higher ground. the fukushima nuclear plant has not been damaged. the quake was felt as far south as tokyo. lucy craft is in tokyo. what can you tell us? >> reporter: no reports of damage or injury. it's still way too early. we have a tsunami warning. the tide is about three feet or two meters or one meter, i should say. very interesting, this time the warnings came v
no effect, as many had expected, from hurricane sandy. this all comes as we get word that the fiscal cliff talks will boil down to what happens between two people and only two people. president obama and john boehner. even all sides of the party are excluded. >>> with 25 days before taxes go up for nearly every single american, what effect will the jobs report have on the fiscal standoff? we'll get live remarks from john boehner who is going to try to use the jobs report to the republican's advantage. representative, let's start with the november jobs report numbers. they look very good, good news overall for the koirnlt tree. but speaker boehner said this, the democrats plan to slow walk our economy to the edge of the fiscal cliff instead of engaging in serious talks to avert the cliff, that includes spending cuts and tax reforms the president once supported. the white house has only offered a joke. i understand we have speaker boehner to the microphones. let's take a listen. >> when it comes to the fiscal cliff that's threatening our economy and threatening jobs, the white house has wast
. the positive side, again, hurricane sandy appears not to have been the job killer many had feared. the labor department says the havoc wrought by sandy had no substantial impact on the unemployment picture. with us now, jill schlessinger, editor at la w manyre the jobs aart me ,ow m t are seasonal jobs? >> not so many seasonal. we saw some broad based gains and we continue to see some really robust gains in retail, in business services, health care is really continuing to show great improvement. you mentioned manufacturing. mentioned one other area, 20,000 jobs lost in construction. that may be a little bit of sandy related. >> but also, one of the interesting things, you looked at the numbers and said there was 300,000 people that said weather did affect the job surge. why is that not considered sandy related? >> it is weird because there are two different surveys when you look at these jobs numbers. one comes from the businesses. the businesses, they take that survey, november 12th, and the businesses are for the job creation number. the other survey is called a household survey. that's h
for superstorm sandy recovery efforts. thatie request falls short of total damage estimates. they say they'll need closer to $82 billion to repair their states. >>> it's been more than 15 years since he was mysteriously gunned down, but the los angeles coroner's office has finally released the autopsy report on rapper christopher wallace, also known as the notorious big or biggy smalls. the 23-page report shows wallace suffered four gunshot wounds, one of which was fatal. to date, no arrests made in that case. it remains unsolved. >>> secret service agents at risk all because one man lost some sensitive computer information. the shocking mistake was kept largely secret until now. cnn's brian todd has the details. >> reporter: law enforcement and congressional sources tell cnn the u.s. secret service is being investigated for a potentially damaging loss of information. the data was on two back-up computer tapes which contain very sensitive personnel and investigative information, according to our sources. >> you lost the drive containing the identity of every agent. >> reporter: it might re
before. remember, we had big jobless claims reports for a few weeks in a row because of hurricane sandy, superstorm sandy. it looks like those are coming down again. the big jobs report will be tomorrow, which will give us the real gauge of what's happen iin here. they expect only 77,000 jobs added. and the unemployment rate, they think, will tick back up to 8%. 77,000. why? because of superstorm sandy. you didn't have hiring, people getting jobs in the northeast because during that time the last month or so. >> jack welch right now, they went up after the election. >> those chicago people. >>> all morning we've been following major developments in both syria, in egypt and syria there are new fears that they could unleash nerve gas on some of the rebels. that's a report from nbc news, that syria is loading the component chemicals. cnn has not confirmed that report yet. egypt, protoasters have started to gather outside the presidential palace in cairo. lots of anger building after the new president gave himself extra powers. the protests were very violent last night. the clashes killed a
sandy. and mitt romney bounces back with a new job. ashley morrison here in new york with that. >> asian markets saw a mixed day. tokyo's nikkei dropped a quarter percent while hong kong's hang seng added a fraction. >>> a report showing a decline in manufacturing sank stocks on wall street. the dow fell 59 points while the nasdaq lost eight points. >>> hurricane sandy gave a boost to the auto industry. analysts say it added up to 30,000 sales last month with as many as 30,000 vehicles needing to be replaced. the big three auto makers all posting gains in sales. general motors up 3%. ford 6.5%. and chrysler sales increased 14%. >>> drug maker pfizer is preparing to cut back its work force. the layoffs will target sales representatives who market drugs to doctors. pfizer is facing increased competition from generic drugs, particularly from the generic version of its cholesterol medication lipitor. >>> mitt romney may not have gotten the job he wanted when he lost the presidential election, but he's going back to work. romney will rejoin the board of marriott international. he's held the s
,000 jobs last month. economists were expecting more than that. at some point through superstorm sandy and how that may have impacted the results in the northeast or the adp report is seen as an indicator for jobs report. we were given new unemployment rate that i can share with you. greg: citigroup says it is cutting 11,000 jobs. about 40% of the global workforce. this they are expected to save $1.1 billion per year, and is the first major action since the banking giant named a new ceo. the group is not saying exactly how many of these lost jobs will be here in the united states are you with that they plan to close 44 branches. we do pretty big news from citigroup. republican leaders calling on obama to sit down for a face-to-face negotiation on the fiscal cliff. this is just weeks ago before the deadline. right now, as you know, there is still no deal. those sites are still hundreds of billions of dollars apart. mike emanuel has more. reporter: hello, jenna. speaker john boehner says the republicans made a good-faith effort to avert a fiscal crisis. they say essentially this is now t
's assassination nfl games were played and after hurricane sandy games were played. this is unsurprising behavior. bill: they played and they won which has been not so often this year. martha: as everyone tries to sort this story out, for the first time we are hearing the audio of the police communications between first responders at the scene as this tragedy unfold. some of this is understandably disturbing. >> code one, number 1 air ahead drive. martha: what an awful story this is. we know miss perkins later died at the hospital. more on this story as we continue. bill: there has been growing concern about concussions in the nfl. back in 2012 players suffered 127 to date. the league has seen the number of players grow from 2004 to 2010. and not just football. conditions happen in the u.s. each and every year. martha: belcher is not the first nfl player to recently take his life. junior say oh and dave diewr on both died of self-inflicted gunshot wounds. we'll talk to jim coming up in the next hour. >> 6 minutes past the hour. former president george herbert walker bush waking up in a houston ho
and unemployment fell to 7.7%. >> hurricane sandy did not have an impact on these numbers. clearly, you do have an improving situation here. >> the message we all want to send to members of congress is this is a solvable problem. >> we've only got 25 days until the fiscal cliff. >> according to "new york times," house speaker john ba boehner has asked democratic leaders to step aside so he and the president can negotiate a deal one on one, and no one is objecting. >>> the crisis in egypt remains volatile, with massive anti-government rallies planned today. >>> heartbreaking survival story for a woman stranded in the snow in the california sierra nevada mountains. >>> shoppers at a seattle macy's had to be hospitalized when an escalator they were riding malfunctioned. >> fire to the end zone. touchdown. >> broncos with their eighth straight win. >> all that -- >> three, two, one! >> my 50th birthday, she gives everybody a car and then she's all, thank you for coming to gayle's birthday! >> we're talking about oprah, right? >> no, of course not. >>> and all that matters. >> south carolina tea par
. >> gretchen: after hurricane sandy all hope was locked until a stranger stepped in to help. >> he didn't know me from adam and i didn't know him. see what he did. it is wonderful>> gretchen: that man and one of his heroes will join us live on "fox and friends". >> brian: then veterans have to get a permission slip from the government to own a gun . judge napolitano got a permission to appear today. he could easily called in sick. ♪ ♪ >> brian: new york giants play the washington red skin and they ended up lose will. i don't want to talk about. giants are 7-5 and redskins 6-6. he was faulted for keeping quiet about the fast and furious. gary grinnler chief-of-staff for eric holder is stepping down, last day tomorrow. steve, something to do with nothing i talked about. >> steve: has to do with the law. they risked their lives to protect our country. >> gretchen: u.s. veterans deemed too mentally incompetent to handle the finances are entered into a national criminal background system. that prevents them from buying or owning a gun. >> steve: should the second amendment right of those vetera
there, and economists have thought that hurricane sandy would have an adverse affect, and it hurt some, but there's so much going on that the economy -- >> is it possible we haven't seen the full impact of hurricane sandy, that we still might see some of those jobs lost, and it just hasn't been the numbers have not caught up to it yet to the reality? >> absolutely right. we do have to wait another month to get the full picture of it, but it was interesting that we saw initial claims for unemployment compensation initially spiked up right after sandy, and then they began to go down, and so i suspect next month there will be some effect. >> how strong is this job growth? does this really get us out of the recession conditions for so long? >> interesting question. it has the potential to do that, because think of this. we've had sandy, and we have all of this debate going on over the fiscal cliff, that's driving us all crazy, right? >> yes, it is. >> and what it's also doing is that it has gotten the corporate seblgtor in a position where they're not vin investing. they're waiting to see
of superstorm sandy largely ruled out. the four-week average at 408,000 is still elevated. most of the year we have seen claims around that 370,000 to 375,000 level which suggests modest growth. we get the november employment growth tomorrow. that's a key factor although again sandy will distort the numbers. >>> flat start on wall street. investors still looking for some progress. dow down 1, nasdaq down 1, s&p down 1, as well. apple shares down 1.25%. back to you. >> it's 1s across the board. thank you. >>> the new reality in washington state recreational use of marijuana is now legal. hundreds of people showed up at the space needle to celebrate at midnight. voters approved the law last month. adults can now possess up to an ounce of pot. but growing and selling it is still a crime. colorado by the way also legalized recreational use of marijuana but that amendment won't take effect until the governor proclaims that it passed. >>> just two years after arriving in the bay area, the "fresh & easy" market chain could be going away. there are 19 "fresh & easy" markets in the bay area employing a
dodged a bullet with hurricane sandy in a way we really weren't expecting. we were really expecting to see that hit much harder because it hit the week that they were taking the survey. the real concern with the economy now that you're hearing fl folks like mark zandy is that it's not consumers that are not spending, it's employers who are spending. business investment has been down year over year in the last two quarters as people do not, you know, invest in equipment or buy software because they have no idea what's happening to their tax rates in january. that's where people get nervous about what's going on. >> the uncertainty? >> yeah. >> blake, if there is a deal to avoid the so-called fiscal cliff, could these jobs numbers get considerable better? >> i think so, but it's funny. the republicans are in a bit of a box here. their motivation is to say it's not so good. a lot of jobless people out there. we have a real problem. meanwhi meanwhile, we have fiscal cliff negotiations where the president wants stimulus mechanisms including an extension of unemployment insurance. they're
of struggle for all of the hurricane sandy victims, all over this part of the country. folks are still looking for homes and apartments to live in until they're back on their feet. they're getting help every day, they know what suffering is like because they have been there themselves. tonig tonight's stephanie gosk has more on first responders in new orleans, making a difference up north. >> reporter: starting the day after a hurricane is a physical and emotional job. firefighters from new orleans who lived through hurricane katrina six years ago remember it well. >> i know what the people up here are going through, they're like how am i going to get this? >> reporter: they also remembered that the new york fire department was on the door steps helping just days after the levees broke. this captain's house flooded up to the roof. >> that was the biggest thing. >> reporter: now the firefighters from new orleans want to repay the favor. >> any country, any state. it is a connection between the fire department. and new york is like our brother city. >> reporter: places like belle harbor, long is
taxes on the wealthiest 2%. >>> there is a newest mat tonight on the cleanup costs from superstorm sandy. new jersey's governor chris christie says the storm caused $37 billion in damages to his state alone. today he made the rounds at the white house and on capitol hill. he's asking lawmakers for an additional $88$83 billion in zafltzaflt disaster aid for his state and new york and connecticut. >>> tonight dozens of couples are officially to tie the knot in maryland. governor martin o'malley signed the referendum on same-sex marriage into law. this was the first day gay and lesbian couples could pick up marriage licenses in the state. >> we're so excited that on our 30th anniversary we will be married. and how does it change our life? it just unites us completely. we always felt we were married, but now it's legal! >> same-sex marriages won't actually be legal until january 1st. last month maryland, maine and washington became the first states to approve same-sex marriage by popular vote. >>> recreational use of marijuana is legal if washington state, taking effect today. adults are all
people did stop looking for work. hurricane sandy did disrupt hiring. but not as badly as expected. >>> and a major blow to union rights in michigan. republican lawmakers there have pushed through right-to-work bills. hundreds of activists stormed the capitol, protesting the legislation, which would ban unions from requiring employees to pay fees. >>> and a frightening scene for holiday shoppers this morning. an escalator at a macy's in suburban seattle malfunctioned. breaking apart and leaving four people slightly injured, including two toddlers. officials there say a mechanical failure is to blame. >>> and finally, perhaps, if nothing else, evidence that someone up there must be watching. look at what happens when a tennessee jewelry store clerk tries to make a sale. out of nowhere, that's an suv, through the front glass. nearly taking out both clerk and customer. both were shaken up. but remarkably, best news of all, no one was hurt. >> no one was hurt. we love that line. >> incredible. >> we do. >> just amazing. >> thanks, josh. >>> we have the latest on the fiscal cliff, just
in emergency aid for superstorm sandy recovery. that request falls short of total damage estimates. governors from new york, new jersey and connecticut alone say they will need closer to 82 billion to fix their states. >>> we don't know their names, but a couple from a phoenix suburb has presented the second winning ticket from last month's massive powerball drawing. the couple came forward now because they were concerned about, guess what, the looming fiscal cliff. they will take home 192 million bucks before taxes, and the plan is to use the money to start a foundation and support their favorite charities. >>> more people out of work, and another recession. you want to know what's at the bottom of that fiscal cliff, well, there you have it. many say that what's going to happen if something isn't done soon, but guess what? alice rivlin has a plan. she's a senior fellow at the brookings institution and served as director of the white house office of management and budget, the omb, under president clinton. alice, good morning. >> good morning. >> nice to have you here on the show this morning.
% of the businesses are gone because of hurricane sandy, and also 70% to 80% of the residents cannot come home. so they're just trying to do their best to just get it back up and running and we're just trying to bring attention to it. >> you're nice to do that. >> we understand with a fan video, actually, that led to you getting involved. >> yeah, a girl named charlotte who is a 10-year-old girl from new jersey and, you know, new jersey, new york, huge parts of our lives as musicians that have given us this chance. so we owe it to them. >> doing great work. meanwhile, your career, man, you guys are doing incredibly well. you really are. >> welm, we're pretty amazing. >> that's what happens. >> you do say so yourself. it's always good to have you here, pat. >> always good to be here. >> all right. have a good holiday. >>> mr. roker, we'll have much more ahead, but first, let's go inside, natalie's got a check of the headlines. >>> u.s. officials tell nbc news that the syrian military is prepared to use chemical weapons against its own people as president assad's regime is on the brink of collapse a
, rob black u.s. auto sales. >> with hurricane sandy they can go out and purchase new. still, we are above 14.4 million. we are near 15 million. sales of gm are up 3.4% a bit weaker than expected. for was a 6.5% at toyota was up 70.2 percent, chrysler up to buy 40% your financing it has loosened up a little bit we of the oldest fleet in the nation. so car buying. chrysler was up by-14% and toyota was up 70%. >> singapore airlines is a toyota-17-- >> this is not fortune america. this is for more european and cities. this is not for urgent america. to gain access to the european union i understand it that this is a way for delta to benefit and expand more international flights. >> lindsey lohan and the irs? >> yes, do not mess with the irs. her tax bill, and charlie sheen and helped but she still is off the hook -- on the hook. she will work her way on to but she is drinking two bottles of a five, per day. and do not mess with the irs because there will not leave you alone. she is an estimated note drinking two bottles of vodka per day. >> and this question is what we do with my ol
it all. >> this next picture is superstorm sandy. the president with mike bloomberg and janet napolitano touring the damage. you can just imagine how grim that tom donlon -- i'm not sure if tom is also in the picture. you can see what they're looking at. >> right. you know, the one that -- he's not in this picture, but what jumps in my mind is the criticism that chris christie got over saying nice things when president obama went up to new jersey to tour the devastation. i just think the seriousness that's conveyed in this picture, i almost never say this. there are things in which politics takes a very far back seat. this is one of them. >> take a look at the next picture. we were talking a few minutes ago about possible cabinet choices. there's dennis mcdone noug on the right and jack lou is if he's the treasury secretary and tom lon lan, the national security adviser. the president is so comfortable with these insiders. these are great pictures by pete suza. look at air force one. the president is in marine one coming in behind. there's air force one that's a wonderful picture. finall
by superstorm sandy. the request comes at a time when lawmakers are arguing how every dollar is spent. >>> our fourth story "outfront," an historic announcement. the supreme court decided today it will hear two constitutional challenges to same-sex marriage laws. if the court were to follow public opinion, the decision could come down in favor of gay and lesbian couples. recent polling shows 53% of americans think same-sex marriage should be legal. 46% say illegal. and on election day, voters in three states approved same-sex marriage. "outfront," mckay coppins, tim carney and maria cardona, cnn contributor and democratic strategist. this is kind of big news in all of this. tim, you saw the polls. now the supreme court will get involved in this. should this signal something to the republican party? should they say it's reached this level? >> polls are one thing. there's also the fact most states don't have gay marriage yet and most of those that do, it was not put in by the will of the people. i'm a marylander. our state did vote for gay marriage. most of them had to do with judges ruling. if
the toll of superstorm sandy and concerns about the fiscal cliff. tax increases and spending cuts are set to trigger after january first unless the white house and congressional republicans strike a compromise. house speaker john boehner said friday the president's current approach could hamper future job growth. >> because the risk the president wants us to take, increasing tax rates, will hit many small businesses that produce 60 - 70 percent of the new jobs in our country >> democrats argue that without tax increases on the the revenue necessary to combine with the savings and with the spending cuts to reduce the deficit, to create jobs, to grow the economy, to improve the lives of the american people. >> about twelve million americans remain out of work. economists forecast dire consequences without a washington, i'm karin caifa. >>catherine: this is the 71st anniversary of the date that will live in infamy. december 7th 19-41 was when the japanese attacked pearl harbor. this was a moment of silence as 2-thousand people gathered in hawaii to honor those killed in the surprise attack.
asking congress for $60 billion for recover efforts following superstorm sandy. hard hit states asked for more than $80 billion. the october storm devastated much of the northeast. federal aid would go to victims and rebuilding projects. it's unclear if congress already in negotiations over how to balance the budget, will approve funding before breaking for the year. >>> secretary of state hillary y clinton has agreed to testify before the senate foreign relations committee about the benghazi attacks. september 11th all the on the u.s. consulate in libya left ambassador chris stephens and three others dead. clinton will testify before the 130th congress sometime in january. she's also agreed to testify before the house foreign affairs committee. i'm li elizabeth pren in new yo. for all the headlines, log onto foxnews.com. >>> a warning that some of our nation's biggest companies may be hoodwinking you, the taxpayers. major companies like gm taking advantage of all kinds of incentives and tax breaks from local and state governments, but are the communities, meaning you, the big losers.
sandy's cleanup in all states. the request comes in the midst of a tough fiscal cliff fight and house speaker john boehner says they will review the request by the president. new york and new jersey originally asked for a combined $79 billion in aide. the states' governors say they are grateful for any help. >>> the supreme court taking up the controversial issue of gay marriage. the high court agreed to hear two important cases, prop 8 out of california and doma out of new york. a federal court recently overturned prop 8 after the measure passed by voters. the court will decide if doma violates the fifth amendment of equal protection under the law that applies to same-section couples legally married in other states. >>> today is a very happy day for same-section couples in washington state. it is the first day they can marry under the new law, legalizing gay marriage. couples began lining up for licenses early thursday morning. some courthouses opened up at midnight for the ceremonies to take place. several local judges also donated their time to marry the couples. ceremonies are exp
government to reimburse the state for 100% of the cost of rebuilding from superstorm sandy. christie heads to washington on thursday to meet with federal officials. you know, parts of the new jersey coastline, complete devastated by this powerful storm. you know, governor christie estimates that sandy caused upwards of $20 billion of damages. >>> and the atlanta journal-constitution with more information about dozens of children and adults that were sickened by carbon monoxide poisoning at the local school there. at least 49 people were sent to the hospital yesterday. take a look at this. fire officials believe the heating system failed there. finch elementary had no carbon monoxide detectors, either. which, i guess, they're not required in georgia. and many parents complained they were left in the lurch because of poor communication. soledad o'brien will talk to a student, a parent and also a school official. so we'll get lots of sides there. >> also coming up, amazement and dismay. that's how fedex's ceo is describing the fiscal cliff crisis. i sat down with fred smith. hear what he has
clean up the damage caused by superstorm sandy and then potentially to prepare for future storms. >>> at least 49 elementary school students and adults had to be rushed to an atlanta hospital today because of a carbon monoxide leak. here is the thing. firefighters discovered the highest levels they have ever recorded of the deadly gas near the school's furnace. listen to the firefighter. >> obviously with carbon monoxide, the danger is going to be an affix ant, it could stop people from breathing. these children have been in the classroom since 7:30. our readings in the classroom were not quite as high as our reading at 1700 was near the actual furnace area. >> want to bring in george howell here. you brought in what i can only presume is a carbon monoxide detector. tell me about it and were there any of these in the school? >> this say professional carbon monoxide detector. this is what we use here at the cnn center. this will run you a couple thousand dollars. couple thousand of dollars for this. it is important to check. but for your home, $17. $17 is all it takes to get one o
for money. he wants fema to reimburse the state for 100% of its emergency costs following superstorm sandy. fema generally reimburses states in the ballpark of 75% of costs following disasters like this. the governor says cleaning up and repairing new jersey after the superstorm could cost nearly $40 billion. >>> an extramarital affair ended his stellar career of public service. but not so long ago there was some serious talk that general david petraeus might run for president. some of that talk apparently even came from the top at fox news. washington post bob woodward writes about some private recordings in which fox news analyst k.t. mcfarland meeting with general petraeus in afghanistan in the spring of last year delivered a personal message from roger ales. >> he says if you're offered chairman, take it. if you're offered anything else, don't take it, resign in six months and run for president. okay. i know you're not running for president. but at some point when you go to new york next, you may want to just chat with roger and rupert -- >> well, rupert, look, what i have told people
at the white house. the republican governor was here in washington to talk about hurricane sandy relief efforts, and now they're in danger of going over the fiscal cliff with the rest of the country at the end of the month. our national political correspondent jim acosta has been covering this story for us. what's the latest with chris christie in washington. >> reporter: this is some of the unintended consequences of the fiscal cliff. after a series of meetings with the president and house speaker john boehner, new jersey governor chris christie had little to say as he left washington, but as other senators we spoke to see it, the jersey shore may be running head on into the fiscal cliff. he visited the president at the white house, then he met with senators from his own state before slipping in to meet the speaker of the house. >> going home, guys. see you later. >> reporter: but then chris christie, a potential presidential candidate who is rarely at a loss for words, departed the nation's capital in near total silence. as it turns out, the new jersey governor's quest for money to rebuild th
Search Results 0 to 32 of about 33 (some duplicates have been removed)